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We under written, the Refugees, French Ministers in England, having
understood by a Letter which my Lord, the Bishop of London, who at
present is in Holland, hath writ to Monsieur le Coq, Counsellor in the
Parliament of Paris, and an illustrious Confessor of the Truth, the strange
Reports that have been spread, as if we were not found in the Faith, and
particularly with relation to the Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, and Grace and
the need there is to dissipate the same; and being moreover perswaded that
by this Explication of our Belief we shall perform a thing that will serve for
the Edification and Consolation of our Brethren, and will have its fruit, if the
Lord please, especially in the Land of our Nativity, after some Amicable and
Brotherlv Conferences we have had upon this matter, in the presence of
Monsieur le Coq, we have all of us agreed to declare, as we do in the
Sincerity of our Hearts:
I. That we Believe the whole Scripture Divinely Inspir'd, so that all Men are
obliged to receive everything therein Revealed with an entire supmission of
II. That we receive with Reverence and supmission whatsoever the Scripture
teacheth concerning the Nature of God and his Attribuies, of his
Spirituality, Incomprehensibility, Infinitiveness, Prescience, even of Future
Contingencies, and of all others, the said Scripture attributes to him.
III. That we Believe also what it delivers concerning the Trinity of Persons
in one only Divine Essence, and concerning the Incarnation of the Son,
according as the said Articles are set down in the VI, XIV, and XV of the
Confession of Faith of the Reformed Churches of France.
lV. That we hold also as an Article of our Faith, That Jesus Christ, by dying
on the Cross, hath not only left us an Example that we should follow his
Footsteps, but moreover, that his Principal Design therein was to satisfie the
Divine Justice for us in bearing the Punishment of our Sins, as he actually
V. That we detest the Opinions of Socinus, and of all others that are contrary
to the foremention'd Truths; not considering them as Innocent Opinions, or
Tolerable Errors, but as Heresies which absolutely overturn the Foundations
of the Christian Faith, and that consequently we can have no Religious
Communion with those that follow them or teach them.
VI. That we do also condemn their Opinion, who deny the inward and
immediate Operation of the Holy Ghost in the Conversion of Man to God,

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and who pretend that the Holy Ghost doth not so open the Hearts as to
make Men believe the Word, incline them to love God, and to obev his
We trust that God will give us his Grace to preserve the Doctrine pure and
entire to our last Breath, and to evidence it as well in our publick Sermons as
in our private Conversations.
London, the 30th of March, 1691.
T. Satur, formerly Minister of Montauban, Moderator.
A Piozet, formerly Minister of Mans, Joint-Moderator.
C. G. Lanzothe, formerly Minister of Rouen, Secretary.
Du Bourdieu, formerly Minister of Montpelier.
Le Chenevix, formerlv Minister at Mante.
P. Charles, formerly Minister at Mauvesin.
L. Rival formerly Minister at Saliéz.
O. Champion, formerly Minister at Mougon.
Benjamin de Daillón, formerly Pastor of the Church of Roehefaucault.
Sers, formerly Minister in the Church of Montredon.
La Cauc, formerly Minister at Castres.
De Guilhem, formerly Minister at Brebyeres, in Peregord.
J Lovis Malide, formerly Minister at Casteljaloux.
De Primerose, Minister of the French Church of London.
Mitault, formerly Minister at Chef Boutonne.
Samuel Metayer, Minister of St. Quentin.
De Joux, formerly Pastor of the Reformed Church of Lyon.
P. Testas, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Milhan in Gutenne.
Marc Vernoux, formerly Minister of the Church of Mazemet, in Languedoc.
Fauleon, formerly Minister at Fecamp, in Normandy.
Betoule, formerly Minister of Duras.
J Campredon, formerly Minister of the Church of St. Aignan upon the
Maine, in France.
Jean Farcy, Minister of the Church of Mouchamp, in Low Poicton.
Jacques Severin, formerly Minister at Chery ley Rosais, in Forache.
A Testas. formerly Minister at Poitiers.
Jacques Tirel, formerly Minister at St. Vaast.
Canolle, Minister of Gontauld.
Pont, formerly Minister of Mareres.
Jean Gommare, Minister of Mussidan, in the Dutchy of La Force.
Bazgnoux, formerly Minister at Poitiers.
David Grimaudet, formerly Minister of the Church of Desaigne.
Jacques Douks, formerly Minister at Angles.
Pierre Fontaine, formerly Minister of Royan.
Daniel du Tens, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Angers.
I Solinhac, formerly Minister at Realville.
Pierre Souchet, formerly Minister at Roehouard.
Jacob de Boussignac, formerly Minister at Puyeasque.
J Bardon, formerly Minister of Bruinquel.
Jean Baron, formerly Minister of Mazemet.
Jean Molles, formerly Minister of Cardathac.
Dan'iel Chais la Place, formerly Minister of la Grave, in Dauphint.
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Le Sauvage, formerly Minister at Aleason.
Jean Cabibal, formerly Minister of Brassac.
Etienne Mo/ener, formerly Minister de Lisle, in Jordain.
Philippa la Loe, formerly Minister at Orbec.
Jean Couyer, formerly Pastor of Linieres, in Angoumars.
Jacob Asselin, formerly Minister at Dieppe.
Jean Forent, formerly Minister of the Church of Syon, in Bretagne.
C. Pegorier, formerly Minister of Havre.
Charles Berthean, formerly Minister of Paris.
P Roussilion, formerly Minister of the Baronny of Montreden, in the Lower
P. Pezé Degalimere formerly Minister at Mans.
Barthelomy Balagnier, formerly of the Church of Aiguefonde in the High
Paul Gravisset, formerly Minister at Ardenay, in the Country of Maine.
Jean Boudet, formerly Minister at Genebrieres.
Joseph de la Mothe, formerly Minister of the Reformed Church of Puymiral.
Jouneau formerly Minister at Barbesieux.
J. Lions formerly Minister at Monlelimart.
Gabriel Barbier, Minister at Greenwich.
Pierre Blanc, Minister.
Rival, Minister.
J Lombard, formerly Minister at Angers.
J Majon, formerly Minister at Ciré.
Durad Raoux, formerly Minister of St. Privat.
J Graverol, formerly Minister at Lyons.
Jacques Laborie, Minister.
Bardielomy Basset, Minister.
J M Verchiere, Minister.
Abraham Gilbert, formerly Minister at Melle.
Jean Charpentier, Minister.
Charles Contet, Minister.
Antoine Review, Minister.
H de Rocheblave, Minister.
Jean le Febre, Minister.
A. Lombard, Minister.
Jean Bernard, Minister.
Eliscé Gerauld, Minister.
Brocus de Hondesplens, formerly Minister of Casteljaloux.
Mole, formerly Minister of the Place de Barre, in Cevennes.
Jacques Misson, formerly Minister at Niort.
Pierre Bossatran, formerly Minister at Niort, in Poiton.
Michel David, formerly Minister of my Lady Dutchess de la Force.
Pierre Ticier, formerly Minister of Mauvesin.
Jean Ia Mot/he Minister of the Church of la Baslide Ronaisouse.
Michel Cordier, formerly Minister of Fieux.
Bertheau the Elder, Minister of the Church of Montpelier.
La Riviere, formerly Minister at Toulouse.
Brevet, formerly Minister of the Church of Dompierre and Bourumf
A. Forues, Minister.
A. Richard, formerly Minister of Esperausses, in Languedoc.
P. Astrac, Minister of the Church of la Gazelle, in Auvergue.
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Jean Chabbert, Minister.
La Porte, formerly Minister of the Church of Agen, in Low Guienne.
J. Dejoux, Junior, Chaplain in their Majesty's Ship the Northumberland.
A. de St. Denys, formerly Minister at Sancourt, in Normandy.
(Presented in the year 1698.)
Whereas, His Majesty has been pleas'd to refer to your L'ps the care and
Disposal of a Considerable number of French and Vaudois Refugees that
have had ye hard fortune to be driven out of their Country on account of
their Religion, and some Proposals have been offered to your L'ps for ye
sending 'em to a small Tract of Land lying betwixt Virginia and Carolina,
which the Proprietors of Carolina call, and order to Settle a New Colony
there; Upon a full enquiry into ye matter, and a due examination of all
circumstances, I humbly conceive it will appear that Territory is upon no
account so fit a Place for this small Colony as ye upper Parts of James River
in Virg'a, and that for these several Reasons:
1. Because that part of lower Norfolk claim'd by No. Carolina, to the
Southward of Corotuck, is, according to its name, for ye most part, low
Swampy ground, unfit for planting and Improvement, and ye air of it very
moist and unhealthy, so that to send Frenchmen thither that came from a
dry and Serene Clymate were to send 'em to their Graves, and that wou'd
very ill answer his Maj'ty's charitable Intention, and prove as unsuccessfull
as ye late expedition to Darien, whereas, on ye contrary, ye upper part of
James River affords as good land and as wholesome Air at any Place in
America, and here is room enough for 'em to live Comfortably altogether
under a very easy Governm't tho' perhaps it were better that they were to be
disperst in small numbers all over ye Country, for then they would he less
Capable of raising any disturbance and wou'd be much more easily Supply'd
w'th necessarys towards their first Settlement.
2. In that part of Virginia they will not be put to so many difficultys and
distress'd at their first Settlem't as of necessity they must in that dismal part
of Carolina, Provisions being there much Cheaper and Assistances of all
kinds nearer at hand, and then ye Expence of settling them will be much
more reasonable, for if these poor wretches be sent recommended to Collo.
Nicholson, Gove'r of Virg'a, he will be exceedingly active in an undertaking
of so great Charity, and will place them in such a part of ye Country as may
be most happy for them, and by his generous Example will encourage other
People of supstance to contribute their assistance.
3. There is a Dispute betwixt the Government of Virginia and ye Proprietors
of Carolina about this Tract of Land which they call Lower Norfolk, for
Carolina pretends, by virtue of its Patent, to extend its bounds as far as 36
Degrees and an half, w'ch takes in no more than part of this Territory, So
that if these poor People shou'd go to settle there they wou'd be under a
perpetual Vexation, both from these Proprietors and from Virginia, and in a
Little time wou'd grow so uneasy under these and a hundred other
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hardships that those who surviv'd wou'd be forct [sic] to disperse themselves
into Virg'a and Carolina, for which reason 'twill save them a great deal of
Inconvenience to send 'em directly to Virginia.
4. 'Twill be more for ye Interest of His Majesty and of the Kingdom of
England to send them to Virg'a, for 'tis well known how usefull such supject
there is to this Nation, Whereas in a New Colony 'twill be long before they'll
be able to Supply their own necessitys, and much longer before they can
possibly yield any advantage to England.
5. In a competition betwixt a Plantation belonging to ye King and another
belonging to Proprietors, the first ought always, in duty and by Virtue of ye
Prerogative, to be prefer'd.
6. If these People shou'd be settled in that Fog end of N. Carolina under the
Proprietors, all our Criminals and Servants wou'd run away thither for
protection, as those of Maryland do to Pensilvania, and those of New York to
ye Jerseys, and they'll be sure to receive 'em upon good Terms for ye Service
and advancement of their new Colony, and I humbly supmit it to your L'd'ps'
Consideration whether it were not necessary to injoin all Governors, under
Severe penaltys, to cause diligent Search to be made after all Such Fugitives,
and to send 'em back to ye Province from whence they made their Escape,
for hitherto the Governor of Proprietys have been particularly deaf to all
Such Complaints, to the great prejudice of his Maj't's more usefull
Plantations ; and, indeed, if the illegal Trade, Entertainment and Protection
of Pyrates and other foul Practices of those lawless Governments were fully
understood, the King wou'd be so far from establishing of New Proprietys
that He wou'd have good Reason, as well as legal Title, to seize the old ones.
So that I hope your L'ps, upon Consideration of all these particulars, will
please to determine this matter in favour of Virginia, which prides it self on
being ye most advantageous to ye Crown of England of all its Dominions on
the Continent.
An acc't of what Contributions ye ffrench Refugees have rec'd.
£ s d
Of Mr. Devest 25 0 0
Of Mr. John Sehult, 5s. in snuff-boxes.
Of Mr. Jaquean, 6£ 5s. in one ffusil.
Of Mr. Perodin, 8£ 15s. in Taffety Caps.
Of Mr. Deguerin 1 5 0
Of Mr. Nicholay & Hamilton, 25£ in 3 watches and 3
paires of Pistols.
Of Mr. de Lafontode, 1 5 0
Of Mr. Rozier, 1£ 5s. in powder.
Of Mr. Brebant 2 10 0
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Of Mr. Stringer, jo£ in fusils.
Of Mr. Laurent, 3£ 15s. in Shotts and powder,
Of Mr. Sehult and Maille, 65£,-vizt : 22£ l0s. to Doctor
Coxe, and 42£ l0s. in tooles and other goods taken with
them to fflorida and Carolina.
Of Mr. Bachelier 1 5 0
Of Mr. Hardouin 1 5 0
Of Mrs. de Laurancy and her daughter 2 10 0
Of Mr. Tutet 6 2 6
Of Mr. Dupont 9 15 0
Of Mr. De la Porte 1 5 0
Of Mr. De Lorn 25 0 0
Of Mis. Perodin, her daughter and 2 Sons, 5 0 0
Of Mrs. Perodin and her daughter, yet in fringe, gloves,
Masks and 8£ 15s. carried to Carolina.
Of Mr. Morand 1 5 0
Of Mr. Bonvet 2 10 0
Of Mr. Giborne 2 10 0
Of Mr. Ducles Payen 2 10 0
Of Mr, Perrodin, 2£ 10s. in a little watch carried to
Of Mr. Maille, 2£, 10s. in Gloves and hat bands carried to
Of Mr. ffrallon 1 5 0
Of Mr. Valoue 1 5 0
Of Mr. Rambonnet, ?-vizt: 18£ 10s. to Doctor Coxe, in
Canary wine, and ye rest in other goods taken away by
him to Carolina.
Of Mr. Harvey and Mr. Syms 50
Of Mr. Roger, 30
Of Mrs. D'Heruart and Bodan, 2 10 0
Of Mr. St. Germane, 1 5 0
Of Mr. Poher de Bretigny 1 5 0
Of Mr. and Mrs. de Lange 2 10 0
Of Mrs. Brunn and Ianthiall 2 10 0
Of Mr. Sarasin, Minister 2 10 0
Of Mr. de Mirmand 1 5 0
Of Mr. Dumarest d' Antoguy 1 5 0
Of Mr. Benuerige 1 5 0
Of Mrs. Perrodin, yet 5£ in Linnen Cloth.
Of Mrs. Daversey and Le Bas 1 5 0
Of Mrs. Crassin, 2£, 10s. in Silk Caps.
Of Mr. Saye, 3£ 15s.; returned unto him 1 5 0
Of Mr. fferrier, 6£ 5s.; returned unto him 3£ 15s. and so 2 10 0
Of Mr. Oger, 3£ 15s. returned unto him.
Of Mrs. Perrodin, yet 1£ 5s. in butter.
Of Mr. Billot, 5£ in shoes.
Of Mr. Dejoux, 2£ l0s. in a note of 30s upon a man in
Ireland, who is not to be found, and 20 shillings, so
1 0 0

£195 12 6
Monsieur de Joux, minister, 1 David Menestrier, 1
Jean Bossard, sa femme and 3
5 Jacob Fleurnoir, sa femme, 2
garcons and 2 fille
Jean Morroe, 4 1 David Blevet, sa femme and
Pierre Masset, 1 Elizabeth Lemat, 1
Solomon Jourdan, 1 Abraham Le Foix, sa femme
and 4 enfans,
Estienne Chabran, sa femme, 2 Jean Aunant, sa femme and un
Susanne Soblet and 3 Enfans, 4 Jean Genge de Melvis, 1
Jean Hugon, 1 ffrancois de Launay and un
Michel Michel, 1 Gaspart, sa femme and 7
Theodore de Rousseau, 1 Samuel Mountier, sa femme
and deux enfans,
Pierre Cavalier, sa femme and
un garcon,
3 Jacques Corbell, 1
Pierre Anthonie Eupins, 1 Jacob Capen, 1
Isaac Le ffeure, 1 Isaac Troc, 1
Jean Martain, 1 Elié Gastand, 1
Jean Combelle, 1 Anthonie Boignard, 1
Pierre Renaud, 1 Nicholas Mare, sa femme and
2 enfans
Marthien Roussel, 1 Jacques Feuillet and sa femme, 2
Augustin Coullard, 1 Pierre Sarazin, 1
Jean Coullard, 1 Jean Perrachou, 1
Jacques du Crow, sa femme
and une ffille,
3 Phillippe Claude, 1
Paul Laurion, 1 Simon Hugault, 1
Moise Broc, 1 Samuel Barrel, 1
Jean Pierre Bondurand, 1 Gaspar Gueruer, sa femme and
3 enfans,
Pierre La Badie, 1 Jean Soulegre, 1
Guilleaume Rullet, 1 Louis Desfontaine, and sa
Anthony Gioudar, 1 Daniel Rogier, 1
Anne Carbonnet and un
2 Pierre Gosfand, 1
Guillemme Guervot, sa
femme and un garcon
2 Solomon Ormund, 1
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Louis Robert and un fille, 2 Louis Geoffray, 1
Estienne Tauvin, sa femme
and 2 enfans
4 Maize Verneuil, sa femme and
5 enfans
Paul Castiche, 1 Joseph Olivier, 1
Jean Mazeris, 1 Jacques Faucher, 1
Noel Delamarre, sa femme
and un fille,
3 Pierre La Grand, sa femme and
5 enfans
Jean Le Vilain, 1 Pierre Prevol, 1
Jean Marisset, 1 Daniel Riches, 1
Jean Maillard and 3 enfans, 4 ffrancis Clapie, 1
Thimotthee Roux, 1 Jacob Riché, sa femme and un
Gaspart Guamondet and sa
2 Mathieu Passedoit, 1
Jean Pilard, 1 Pierre Hiuert, 1
Estienne Ocosand, 1 Michel Fournet, sa femme and
deux enfans,
Abraham Remis, sa femme, 2 Jean Monnicat, 1
Jean Le Franc Vudurand, 1 Simon Faucher, 1
Daniel Maison Dieu, 1
Pierre Baudry, 1 [TOTAL] 169
£ s. d.
Of Mr. Devest, 0 5 0
Of Mr. de la Barthe, 2 6
Of Mr Praivmaux, 1 2 6
Of Mr. Lantier, 4 6
Of Mr. Des Esserts, 5 6
Of Mr. de Bettens, 11 2
Of Mr. Ysuard Du Terrier, 2 0 6
Of Mr. Kilchberger, 11 0
Of Mr. and Mrs. de Saumaise, 10 0
Of Mr. Chamberlaine, 1430 0 0
Of Coll. Harrison 5 0 0
Of Mr. ffowler, 1 0 0
Of Mr. Edward 2 0 0
In all, 1443 12 6
Besides 20£ given in London by Mr. Moor's Executors to assist Several who
had been there along while waiting for the Imbarkation, and which have
been distributed accordingly, and 20£ given by Mr. Harvey which we caused
to be put into the hands of Mr. Dejoux, who distributed them, and 4£ given
by Mr. ffoüace at James Towne to be distributed, one £ to Mr. Nan, one £ to
Badoüet, 10x. to Mr. Delorn for a lame woman and a fatherlesse boy living
with him, 2 s. 6 d. to Troüillard which occasioning severall others to
complain wee gave yet of our owne money 20s. to Mr. Brouse saying that
was also in want and could not relieve his Son and his Cosin who were very
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£ s d
In Rotterdam for ye Charges of 2 days of 75 come
from Switzerland,
7 12 0
To a man who made 2 peticons in English for the
5 0
To Capt. Yeoman, with whom we had agreed first at
6£ a head, 32£ but because he could not fitt out his
vessell--and Capt. Hawes promising to transport y'm
for 5£ if we would advance 100£ and hold one-4th
part of the Ship--we thought it more advantageous to
loose 32£, and to venture £100 to spare 5 or £6, as we
have done, and so,
32 0 0
ffor all ye Charges of Letters of ye Committees of
Sollicitations and Expeditions of ye officers of
Councill of the Lords Commissioners for trade and
plantations of ye Treasury, and of ye two Secretaries,
and of ye Committee for disposall of the money and to
fetch it
29 14 0
for all ye Charges of Courteers and voyages to look for
Ships to make ye bargaines and treatys to pay the
tradesmen and of ye Imbarkation
15 16 0
To Capt. Hawes for one-4th part of ye Shipp, 100 0 0
To the Custome-house for Cooks, Warrants, dutys of
beddings and other goods, and to the Surveyors and
Clerks, &c.,
18 4 0
To Capt. Hawes for ye passage 945 0 0
To Mr. Roger for books 30 0 0
for Brandy, Sugar, figgs, raisons and sugar, biscuits
for the sick,
5 0 0
ffor the six pence a head to ye custom of Graves end 5 2 6
To ye ship's crew for brandy 0 15 0
To three of our men, one to serve in ye kitchen and 2
to cleane ye shipp for 14 weekes,
2 7 0
To the Marriners in James River 1 2 0
To ye Cooke, 5 0
To Ompton to make ye Declaration, and to York to
give his Excellency the King's Letter
9 0
To 2 men of Mr. Servant, who brought fruite, sider
and milke to our people,
2 6
To Mr. Servant for 4 busshels of Salt, 0 11 0
For a boat to put some people ashoare, and to goe to
Mr Servant for a Certificate how he saw Capt. Hawes
abuse us and our goods, and to bring ye salt,
3 0
To Capt. Hawes for Hamacks, brandy, and other
extraordinarys according to his note
21 8 0
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for bread and baggs given to the people of James
Town, upon ye Road
17 18 0
at ye falls and in Manikin Towne for a barrell of
1 10 0
for 2s. 6d. a head given to one hundred goeing by land 12 10 0
To those who have loaden ye 2 first Sloops 6 0
for a great pewter dish lent to ye people and lost 10 0
for 2 Muttons Killed at ye falls for ye people 17 0
To Champayne for dressing ye meat 2 dayes in the
2 0
To the Troops who went up with us to Manikin Towne 15 0
for Smelt and Price Sloops, 10 12 0
for a boat to load the last sloope 0 7 0
To the men who set some of our people over James
5 0
for 3 great baggs 12 6
for 3 horses, one Collar, Saddle, for Cart, the pasture,
fferrys, &c., &c.,
16 18 0
for one Bullock at ye falls 2 10 0
To Capt. Weebb for 3 beefs, Come, onions, tobacco,
one Saddle, 4 Pannells and furnitures, &c., &c.,
17 6 8
for 6 bundles of bed ropes, 3 of lines, 3 Cows' bells,
two Lanthornes, 24 Girtes, one Leather halter, four
paires of leather Stirrups, one Estrille, &c., &c.
2 9 0
for 2 Sithes and furnitures 11 0
for 10 pounds of Shoe thread, 12 Knives, one other
cutting-Knife and awl blades, men's and
2 3 9
woman's Lasts, tacks, punch, blades, &c., &c., 1 11 0
for Joiners' tooles, 3 0
To Morel and Marche for 13 dayes to ye mill 13 0
To Boff and Moriset 6 6
To Sugre and Orange for baking 15 0
To Richard de Pré and Gacory, Senior, for marking
and clearing the Cart road and ye streets of the
19 0
To Mr. Hatcher for carrying up Meale and goods 3 10 0
for one Grindstone and bands 17 0
for ye Charges of ye second Journey to James Towne,
the first having been returned,
18 0
To Mattory, Sugre and Cuper for bringing a barrell of
fish from ye River, and for clearing the Cart road,
10 6
To Cuper for his Sabre broken by ye sentry upon the
2 6
To Voyer and Panetier to dig a little store in ye
5 0
To Mr. Verry for seven dayes to the mill and to fetch
the cart
7 0
for ye Journey to Apomatox and ye ferryes, 12 6
To Mr. Ascough for peas, and ye carrying y'm up w'th 2 0 0
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some meale and goods,
To Bouchet, Panetier, and Gaury, Junior, for 12 days
in the woods,
12 0
To Gaury, Senior, for the supsistance of his child
remaining of his passage,
1 7 6
To Du Tartre and Sassin for 33 dayes worke in the
Kitchin to ye Mill, marking and clearing the Cart
1 13 0
for great Nailes for the Pares doors 9
To ye Miller to suffer our people by his fire and to
dispatch them.
2 6
To Capt. Hebbs for one Cart and 6 busshells of
3 11 6
To Mr. Dejoux at Williamsburgh 10 3
To Capt. Cocke and his brother for To Cowes and a
23 11 0
for ye Journey to Capt. Hebbe and Williamsburgh,
and ye fferrys going and comeing,
1 9 9
To Mrs. Ascough and Druly for carrying up meal and
3 2 6
To Morel for the supsistance of his child remaining of
his passage,
1 7 6
To Mr. Ascough for carrying 600 meal 18 0
To Jouany for 2 bushells of peas, carryed up, 11 0
for one wheat mill and wheele 3 10 0
To Mr. Chastain for ye supsistance of his 4 chilldren
remaining of their passage,
5 10 0
To Saum for his child 1 7 6
To ye widow ffaure for her child, 1 7 6
To the new Miller 2 6
To Mr. Ascough for Come, 1 7 0
for Corne for ye Horse 1 0
for severall presents in Snuff boxes and money to
people kind and helpfull to us,
4 10 0
To Mr. Phillipe, Minister, and others in money to
assist them in their distemper, and tooles to put them
to work above,
42 17 3/9
To the carpenter and workmen who have cut downe,
sawne and prepared timbers for ye Church and
minister's house,
5 8 0
ffor the Charges of this Journey and severall others to
the Mill, to ye falls, to Capt. Weebb, &c., &c.,
0 0 0
03 11/
Money received, £ 1,443 12 06
Money disburst, 1,422 03 11 9
Remaines, £ 21 08 7 9

Pierre Labadie - 1
Samuel Aulegues, sa femme et deux enfans, - 4
Estienne Asseau, - 1
Pierre Baudry - 1
Anthoine Boignaut - 1
Jean Pierre Bondurant - 1
Jean Bossart, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Daniel Blouet, sa femme et sept enfans - 9
Jean Brand - 1
Moyle Broc - 1
Jacob Capon - 1
Paul Castiche - 1
Pierre Cavalier, sa femme et un enfant - 3
Estienne Chabran, et sa femme - 2
Anne Charboneau et 2 enfans - 3
ffrancois Clapier, - 1
Jean Combel - 1
Jaques Corbet - 1
Augustin Coliart, - 1
Anthoyne Dupuy -1
Jean Burraud - 1
Isaac le Feme - 1
Jacob Fleminoje, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Louis de Fontaines, et sa femme - 2
Abram Le Foy, sa femme et quatre enfans - 6
Elie Castral - 1
Anthoyne Guiodan - 1
Jean George de Melez - 1
Pierre le Grand, sa femme et cinq enfans, - 7
Simon Hugaut - 1
Salomen Jourdan - 1
Gaspard Kernent, sa femme et trois enfans, - 5
Lavfue de Launay (alias francoise de Monine), - 1
Elizabet Leurat, - 1
Jean Hugon, - 1
Jeane Malard, ve fue a trois enfans, - 4
Nicholas Mare, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Noé de la Mare, sa fem me et Un enfant, - 3
Jean Maricet, - 1
Jean Marot, - 1
Pierre Massot - 1
Jean Mautin, - 1
Jean Maseres, - 1
David Menetrie, -
Michel Michel, - 1
Joseph Olivier, -
Jean Onan, sa femme et un enfant, - 3
Pierre Prevot, - 1
Abram Remy, et sa femme, -
Josue Petit, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Loüys Robert, et sa fille, - 2
Jaques Riche, sa femme et 2 enfans, - 4
Theodore Rousseau, - 1
Mathieu Roussel, - 1
Timothié Roux, - 1
Guillaum Rullean, -1
Susanne Soblet, et trois enfans, - 4
Jean Soulegre, - 1
Estienne Tanin, et sa femme, - 2
Isaac Troe, - 1
Jean Vilain, - 1
Moyre Verrüeil, sa femme et cinq enfans, - 7
Gaspard Sobry, sa femme et sept enfans, - 9

ffait ce I. Xbre 1700.
B. De Joux, Ministre.
3 Convoy.
Jean Reniol, - 1
Anthoyne Rambæye - 1
ffrancois Agnast, - 1
Pierre Rondere, - 1
Jaques Giraut, - 1
Jaques Roux, - 1
[Total] - 145
fait ce I, Xbre 1700;
B. De Joux, ministre.
S'r,-Here enclosed is a copy of ye List of ye Refugees given to ye Miller, as it
has been sent unto mee by Messrs. de Joux and Philipe under their hands;
but there is no corn, and Mr. de Saillee lying here sick since he came from
Westopher, and having already provided all what he could, cannot supply
them any longer; so I don't know what to do unless some care be taken to
send some corn up. I heard that y'r Excellency hath our Indenture of the
Lands we have purchased in fflorida; so I desire y'r Exc'y to send it up to
mee, keeping a copie if you please, because it cost us a great deal of money,
which we expect to recover, or part of it. I wish also that ye Factious and
scandalous Petition presented by Mr. de joux be delivered unto me if you
please, or burnt, to pacifie all what is past, avoid complaints and disputes,
and to procure Peace and Love.
Mr. Philipe haveing no allowance in England is not able to supsist with his
wife unless your Exc'y grant him some money out of the gratifications made
to the refugees which shall be a Charity very great and necessary. I desire
Coll. Byrd to lett me know if I can have accommodations to go to England in
one of ye Ships Lying by Westopher; after his answer I shall endeavor to go
to Williamsburgh to take my leave, and to assure your Excellency that I will
ever be,
S'r, y'r Exc'y's most humble and most obed't serv't,
ye 15th of ffeb., 1700 [1701].
To his Exc'y ffrancis Nicholson, Esq., his Maj'y's L't and Gov'r Gen'l of
Virginia at Williamsburgh.
Mr. De Joux, Philipe and his wife, - 3
Mallett and his wife, - 2
Moulin and his wife, - 2

Jonthier, Farcy, and Chastain, - 3
Nicod, Duloy, and Minot, - 3
Jouany and his wife, - 2
Gaury, his wife and one child, - 3
Tho. Constantine, - 1
ffaure, his brother, and 2 Sisters, - 4
Tillou, Tignaw, and Bilboa, - 3
Laureau, Parontes, and his sister, - 3
Bazoil, Voyer, and his wife, - 3
the two Gourdonnes - 2
Gowry and his wife - 2
Guichet and Panetier, - 2
Savin and his Mother, - 2
Chambor, his wife, and Peru, - 3
Malver his wife and her father, - 3
Brousse, his son and Corine, - 3
Arnaud and his wife, - 2
Chalaine and 5 children - 6
Godriet, Lavigne and Saye - 3
Chenas and Augustin Symend, - 2
Verau and his wife, - 2
Soblet, his wife and 5 children, - 7
Verry and Gigon, - 2
Katharine Billet, -1
Guerin and Sassin - 2
Chalanier, his wife and one child, - 3
Tonin and his wife, - 2
Da Tartre and Cupper - 2
Bernard, his wife and Caboine, - 3
Richard and his wife, - 2
Morell, his wife and one child - 3
Cantepie and Castra, - 2
Le Febvre, Martin and Robert, - 3
Onan, his wife and one child, - 3
Michel and his wife, - 2
La Vilain and Remy, - 2
ffoix, his wife and four children, - 6
Sobriche, his wife and seven children, - 9
hugon and le Roux, - 2
Bossard, his wife and 3 chil'n, - 5
Durand and his wife, - 2
Clapier, Du Puy, Joseph and Brooke, - 4
Chabran and his wife, - 2
Chinandan, his wife and 2 chil'n - 4
Des Rousseau and Morisset, - 2
Labadie, Castige, Rounel, de Logny, and Mazel, - 5
Legrand, his wife and 6 chil'n, - 8
Malarde and 3 children, - 4
Richet, his wife and 2 children, - 4
Corbet and Bonduran, - 2
Mare, his wife and 2 children, - 4
Des fontaine and his wife, - 2
Baudry, hugo, and Prevost, - 3
Trion, his wife and one child, - 3
Riviole, Rambrey and De Launay, - 3
fflemnois, his wife and 3 children, - 5
Jourdan and his wife, - 2
Verdüil, his wife and 5 children, - 7
Bloüet, his wife and seven children, - 9
La Maro, his wife and Petit, - 3
Cavalier, his wife and one child, - 3
Gerner, his wife and 3 children - 5
Samuel, his wife and two children, - 4

Durand, Boignan, Morizet, - 3
In All - 218
If any of the above named don't settle above, or leave their
settlement, or dye, their names are to be blotted out upon ye
advices of Mr. de Joux or Philipe, given every month to ye said
Miller, who is desired to distribute unto them by turne such
meale as he shall have for them without partiality, and so doing
he shall oblige his servant at Capt. Webb's house.
This 4th of ffeb'r, 1700 [1701.] OLIVIER DE LA MUCE.


Mons'r Latane, Ministre, Madame sa femme un Enfan unne
Servante, - 4
Mr. Daniel Braban, sa femme, 3 enfans, 1 garcon, - 6
Jean Pierre Gargean, sa femme, 3 enfans, - 5
Jacob Amonet, sa femme, 4 enfans, - 6
Paul Papin - 1
Jean Leroy - 1
Jacques Lacaze, -
Jean Dubroq - 1
Catharine Basel, une fille, - 2
Ester Lefebre, - 1
Ester Martin, un enfan, - 2
ffrancois Ribot, - 1
Joseph Molinie, sa femme, - 2
Leon Auguste Chareitié, sa femme - 2
Jean Barachin, sa femme, - 2
Joseph Caillau, and sa femme, - 2
Jean Dauphin, - 1
Jeane Bellin, - 1
Margueritte Gautie - 1
Marie Mallet - 1
Thomas Deneille, [Deneale]- 1
Jacques Macan, et sa femme - 2
Jean Thomas and sa femme [settled in SC]- 2
Jean Robert, sa femme and une fille - 3
Alexandre Madouy - 1
Noel Richemon and sa femme, - 2
Jean ffonnielle and sa femme, - 2
Estienne Bocar, sa femme and 2 enfans, - 4
Jaques ffradot - 1
Gabriel Maupain, [Maupin] sa femme and 3 enfans - 5
Jacob Sponge and sa femme - 2
Ester Duncan - 1
Jaques Hernon, - 1
Jean Chaperon, - 1
ffrancois Felsau, - 1
Jean Pram, - 1
Salomon Taniere and sa femme, - 2
Pierre Odias, - 1
Jean ffaouton, - 1
Pierre fferré, sa femme and un enfant, - 3
francois Gonfan, sa femme and sa fille - 3
Lazare Lataniere and sa femme, - 2
Jean Belbe, - 1
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Jacques Delinet, - 1
Salomon Bricou and sa femme, - 1
Glaude Barbie and sa femme, - 1
Estienne Dehon, - 1
Henry Corneau, - 1
Daniel fferran - 1
Jean Gomar, sa femme and 5 enfans, - 7
Jean Rousset, - 1
Pierre Montgut, - 1
Alexander Vaillan, - 1
Salomon Gondemay and sa femme, - 2
Louis Girardeau, - 1
Daniel Dousseau, - 1
Michel Cahaigne, - 1
Daniel Duval, - 1
Corneille Prampain, - 1
Paul Coustillat, - 1
Pierre des maizeaux, - 1
Jean Velas Lorange, sa femme and un enfan, - 3
Jean Egarnae, - 1
Pierre Gueraux - 1
Anthoine Lalorie, - 1
Matthieu Bonsergent et sa femme, - 2
Paul Leroy and sa femme, - 2
Bernard Lanusse and sa femme, - 2
ffrancois Charpentier and sa femme, - 2
Jean Surin, - 1
Jacques Lemarchand, - 1
Isaac Bonviller, - 1
Melkier de Vallons, - 1
Isaac de' Hay, - 1
Abraham Cury, - 1
Joseph Berrard and sa femme - 2
Charles Parmantie, - 1
Emanuel Langlade, - 1
Jean Olmier, - 1
Charles Charier, - 1
Sebastian Prevoteau, - 1
ffrancis Delpus, - 1
Henry Collie, sa femme et un enfan, - 3
Estienne Cheneau and sa femme, - 2
Daniel Duchemin and sa femme, - 2
Daniel Gueran, sa femme and 4 enfans, ]- 6
Jean Soulié, sa femme and 3 enfans, - 5
Nicholas Ducre and sa femme, - 2
Jean Noel Levasseur and sa femme, - 2
Rebeca Poitevin, - 1
Louis Losane, sa femme and 2 enfans, - 4
Elizabet Curien, - 1
Jean Boye Surgan, - 1
Marie Catherine Lecoin, - 1
Jean ffauquaran and sa femme, - 2
Elizabet Morel, - 1
Pierre Balaros; -
Paul Legover, - 1
Jean Jacques Faizant, - 1
Jacob Aigle, - 1
Pierre Shriflit, - 1
Ouly Cumery, - 1
Madame Herbert, 4 demoiselles, sa filles, - 5
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Jean Pasteur, - 1
______ Dupuy, - 1
Charles Pasteur and sa femme, - 2
Elizabet Hayer, alemande, - 1 Marie Hehns, yanwelle flamande, -
Total, - 191
VIRGINIA-ss: Delivered to the ffrench Refugees on the Charitable
supscription of several persons:
At ffalling Creek 256 Bushells of Indian Corn, besides private donation.
Quantity not Known, whether of Corn nor Wheate. Capt. Webb for Beeves
and Corn to Monsieur de Joux Company. atid Corn delivered Mons. de Joux
Company from Mrs. Kennon's mill (to Busshells by Capt. Webb's note), and
ever since their arrivall by mine. Quantity not knowne.
Two horses for their use £ 10
Two Beeves, of 7 and 8 yeares old, 6
At my store at Arahettox for nailes about £ 11
besides money, meat, ffish, Come and wheat given by severall charitable
persons. Quantity not Knowne to
£ s.
By his Excellency, 50 0
By Mr. Comissary Blair, 5 0
By Mr. Benjamin Harrison, 5 0
By Colonel Randolph, 5 0
By Mr. ffowler, 2 10
By Mr. Jno. Herbert, 10 0
By Mr. Miles Cary, 1 0
Besides several summes given in to be collected at my stores, where they are
to have credit for ye same.
More given for ye use of the Refugees (vizt.):
£ s.
More given by his Excellency to Mons'r de Joux company that
came in with him
25 0
By Stephen Fouace to Mr. Sailly, 4 0
To one Badouit, 1 0
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To another, 0 10
To those that were left at James Towne, 4 Barrells of Come.
By Mr Lewis Burwill 12 Bushels of wheat.
Item by the same, 5 Bushels of Corne.
At a Councill held at his Maj'tie's Royal Colledge of William and
Mary, December 27, 1700
Present: his Excellency in Council.
It is the opinion and advice of the Council that it is for his
majestie's service, and the Interest of this, his Maj'tie's Colony
and Dominion, that his Excellency do represent to his Majesty the
present state of ye ffrench protestant Refugees, and the poverty
and disability of the Country, and to address his Majesty that no
more of them may be sent in.
At a Councill held at the hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd's, March 9th,
Present: his Excellency in Council.
Ordered, that a proclamation issue to the severall countyes of
this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of Virginia, requireing ye
Burgesses of each respective County to call in the Briefs, with the
supscriptions and Donations given to the reliefe of the French
Protestant Refugees, and that they returne an account thereof to
the hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd and Benjamin Harrison, Esquire,
who are appointed to distribute the same for the support of the
aforesaid ffrench Refugees.
Whereas, severall ifrench Protestant Refugees are lately arrived
in York River in the Nassau, Capt. _____Tragian Comm'r,
concerning whom his Excellency hath received no perticular
intelligence or Commands from his most Sacred Majesty, save
only a Letter from the Lord Bishop of London concerning one Mr.
Latine, who comes in the Quality of a minister, and one other
Letter from Mr. Blaithwayte concerning one John Boyer, a french
Gentleman; and the aforesaid ffrench Refugees making no
application nor proposalls to the Government in their owne
behalfe, his Excellency and his Majestie's hon'ble Council,
comisserating their poor and low condition, and willing as much
as in them lies to find meanes for their present support-
Do thereupon Order that such and so many of them as are willing
to go and inhabit at the Manakin Towne, where severall ifrench
are already settled, may and shall receive reliefe from the
Contributions given or hereafter to be given towards the support
and maintenance of such as shall there Inhabit; and that such and
so many of them as are not willing to go thither be Lycenced and
permitted to disperse themselves amongst the Inhabitants of this
country, to provide for their necessary support untill further
order shall be therein taken. And it is further ordered, that a copy
of the last Briefe be sent to Capt. Tragian and ye ffrench Minister,
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to be published amongst them.
March 10th, 1700.
His Excellency and the Hon'ble Council do recommend to Lt.
Colonel William Randolph and Captain Giles Webb, from time to
time, to make enquiry into the state and condition of the ffrench
Refugees Inhabiting at the Manakin Towne and parts adjacent,
and communicate the same to his Excellency, and alwayes to
Exhort the aforesaid french Refugees to live in unity, peace and
This Chart party, Indented--made the third day of December,
anno Domini, 1700, and in the Twelfth yeare of the reign of our
Sovereign Lord, William the third, King of England, &c---
Between Sir William Phipard, of the Town of Pool, in the county
of Dorset, Knight, owner of the Ship called the Nassau of Pool, of
the burthen of ffive hundred Tuns or thereabouts, now in the
River of Thames, of the one part, and Moses Jaquean, Isaac
Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and
John Hamilton, all of London, Merchants of the other part,
Witnesseth, that (for the consideration hereunder mentioned) the
said owner doth hereby for himself, his Executors and
administrators, covenant, grant, and agree to, and with, the said
Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham
Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, their Executors,
administrators and assigns, as followeth (vizt) That by the fifth
day of this Instant, month of December, the said ship shall, at the
said owner's charge, be fitted and Equipped with all Stores
requisite for the voyage hereunder mentioned; and also at the like
costs and charges be victualled for carrying the passengers
hereunder mentioned to James Towne, in Virginia, with the same
sort of provision as those for the ship's company, and that the
said ship shall, by the said fifth day of this Instant, December, at
the costs and charges of the said Owner, be fitted, and have fitted,
and made ready, convenient Lodgings or Cabbins for the said
passengers, for two in an appartment, or with hammocks to hold
and carry at least 150 in number, and shall stay at or near
Blackwall 3 days afler the said 5th day of this instant, December,
to receive and take in all such french Passengers, with their
apparell and household goods, as the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac
Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and
John Hamilton, or their assigns, shall please to send on board
her, so many as she can conveniently carry, and with them, or as
many of them as shall be willing to goe, shall then, as wind and
weather permit, saile and make the best of her way directly unto
James Towne, in Virginia, to the usuall place of Ships unlading
there, and then sett and carry on Shoar all the said passengers
with their said goods brought thither, and so end her said
employment, the dangers of the seas and Enemyes alwayes
excepted; and that the Master of the said Ship shall daily, from
the time of the passengers coming on board at Blackwall as
aforesaid, and during all their said passage to James Towne
aforesaid, allow and give them, the said Passengers, the like or
customary daily allowance as is and shall be given and allowed to
the Ship's company in Messes, and deliver in the presence of the
said master and overseers of the said Passengers every Munday
morning weekly, during the said passage, to the said passengers
their said full allowance in bread, butter and Cheese for that
week, the rest of their provisions being to be distributed amongst
them daily, as the Ship's Company shall be and in the same
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manner; and that if the said Ship shall put into any Port or place
by contrary wind in her said passage, and that any of the said
passengers shall be on shoar, then the said Ship shall stay for
their returneing on board 24 houres in the whole after the wind
shall be fair to saile forward, if so required by the Overseers of the
said Passengers, and send the Ship's boats on Shoar to bring
them off, after which 4 and 20 hours the Ship to have liberty to
proceed; and if any of the said passengers shall be so on shoar,
shall not be willing to returne on board, the said master shall
protest against them, if so required by the said overseers; and the
said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham
Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, for the considerations
aforesaid, do hereby, for themselves, their executors and
administrators, covenant and agree to and with the said owner,
his executors and administrators, and assignes, that they, the said
Moses Jaquean. Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham
Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, or their assignes,
shall, and will, within 3 days after the said 5th day of this Instant,
December, send on board the said ship at Blackwall aforesaid, at
least the number of 150 french passengers, if not more, and upon
shipping such passengers shall and will truly pay, or cause to be
paid, unto the said owner, his executors or assignes, freight for
their said passage, and provision to James Towne aforesaid, and
for other the promises to be perform'd by the said owner to and
for them, as aforesaid, at and after ye rate of 5 pounds sterling per
head for each passenger so shipped, and at least for the number
of 150 certain, always reckoning and accounting 2 passengers
under the age of 12 years each to go and be paid freight for as but
one passenger. Lastly, it is provided and agreed that after ye 3
days above mentioned for taking in the said passengers at
London shall be expired, it shall be lawfull for the said Ship to
proceed on her voyage with what number of them as shall be then
on board without staying longer, and if the number then on board
shall not amount to 150, the said Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet,
Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John
Hamilton, or their assignes, shall pay the said owner, or his
assignes, before the Ship's departure, freight for the passage of
150 passengers--750 Pounds. And to the performance of all and
singular the clauses, covenants and Agreements herein contained,
which on ye part and behalf of ye s'd owner, his exec'rs, adm'rs
and assigns, are and ought to be done, kept and perform'd. The
s'd owner bindeth himselfe, his ex'rs and adm'rs, and Especially
ye s'd ship, her freight, Tackles, apparel, and furniture unto the
s'd Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham
Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, their Ex'rs, Adm'rs
and assigns, in ye summe or penalty of 1,500 pounds of lawfull
money of England, firmly by these presents. And to the
performance of all and singular the clauses, covenants, payments
and agreements herein contained, which on the parts and
behalfes of the s'd Moses Jaqucan, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin,
Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and John Hamilton, their Ex'rs
and adm'rs, are and ought to be done, kept, paid and performed,
the s'd Moses Jaquean, Isaac Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham
Perodin, Peter Bouvot and John Hamilton, bind themselves, their
Ex'rs and adm'rs and every of them, joyntley and severally, unto
the s'd owner, his ex'rs, adm'rs and assignes, in the summe or
penalty of 1,500 pounds of law full money of England, firmly by
these presents. In witnesse whereof, the s'd parties have hereunto
interchangeably put their hands and seales in London the day,
month and year first above written.
Memorandum. --It is agreed, That, although it is mentioned that
the Passengers shall have the same allowance of provisions as the
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Ship's company, It is the intent and meaning of the s'd parties y't
they shall have the allowance as followeth (vizt) to every
passenger above the age of 6 yeares, to have 7 pounds of Bread
every weeke, and to a mess, 8 passengers in a mess, and to have 2
peeces of Porke, at 2 pounds each peece, 5 dayes in a weeke, with
pease; and 2 days in a week to have 2 four pound peeces of Beefe
a day and pease, or one four pound peece of Beefe with a Pudding
with pease; and at any time if it shall happen that they are not
willing the Kettle should be boyled, or by bad weather cannot, In
such case every passenger shall have I pound of cheese every such
day; and such children as are under 6 yeares of age to have such
allowances in flower, oatmeal, Fruit, Sugar and Butter as the
overseers of them shall Judge Convenient.
Sealed and Del'v'd, being first duly Stamped in ye presence of
John Clarke, George Wharton, W. Boteler, Notaries.
I. BELLET. [s]
This is a true copy of ye originall, which, after comparing, I
London, the 4th December, 1700.
W. BOTELER, Not. Pub.
Dec. 4, 1700.
December ye 3d, 1700. Received of Messrs. Moses Jaquean, Isaac
Bellet, Matthew Perodin, Abraham Perodin, Peter Bouvot, and
John Hamilton ye summe of 892 Pounds, 10 Shillings, in full, for
the passages of 197 French Passengers to James Towne, in
John Clarke,
Wm. Boteler, - Not's.
George Marton,
10 and 11th May, 1701.
The 10th of May, last, I with Coll. Randolph, Capt. Epes, Capt.
Webb, &c., went up to the new settlements of ye ffrench Refugees
at ye Manakan Town. Wee visited, about seventy of their hutts,
being, most of them, very mean; there being upwards of fourty of
y'm betwixt ye two Creeks, w'ch is about four miles along on ye
River, and have cleared all ye old Manacan ffields for near three
miles together, as also some others (who came thither last ffeb'ry,
as Blackman told us) have cleared new grounds toward the Lower
Creeke, and done more worke than they y't went thither first.
They have, all of y'm. some Garden trade and have planted corne,
but few of y'm had broke up their ground or wed tbe same,
whereupon I sent for most of y'm and told y'm they must not
expect to enjoy ye land unless they would endeavour to improve
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it, and if they make no corne for their supsistance next yeare they
could not expect any further relief from the Country. Mon'r de
Joux promised at their next meeting to acquaint them all w'th w't
I said, and to endeavour to stirr y'm up to be diligent in weeding
and secureing their corne and wheat, of w'ch latter there are
many small patches, but some is overrun w'th woods, and the
horses (of w'ch they have severall, w'th some Cows) have spoiled
more; most of y'm promise faire Indeed, they are very poor, and I
am not able to supply y'm w'th Corne (they being about 250 last
month), having bought up all in these two counties, and not
haveing received one month's provision from all ye other
Countyes, there being some in the Isle of Wight, but cannot hire
any to fetch it. There are above 20 families seated for 4 or 5 miles
below the Lower Creeke and have cleared small plantations, but
few of y'm had broke up their grounds. Wee went up to ye Cole,
w'ch is not above a mile and a-half from their settlement on the
great upper Creeke, w'ch, riseing very high in great Raines, hath
washed away the Banke that the Coal lyes bare, otherwise it's very
deep in the Earth, the land being very high and near the surface is
plenty of Slate. . Tho' these people are very poor, yet they seem
very cheerful and are (as farr as wee could learne) very healthy,
all they seem to desire is y't they might have Bread enough. Wee
lodged there that night and returned the new Road I caused to be
marked, which is extraordinary Levell and dry way and leads
either to the ffalls or the mill, a very good well beaten path for
Sir,--Wee have no news in these parts, only that ye ffrench
Refugees is, most of them, gone to Maryland, and have left an ill
distemper behind them, ye bloody flux, which has affected some
of our neighbours. Ye ffrench Refugees' great ffriend, Col'l
Fitzhugh, dyed tuesday, ye 21st, at night, Nov'r 6th, 1701.
In ye first Shipp
Mr. Phillip and his wife - 2
Mr. Peter Chalin, his wife and 3 chil'n, - 5
Mr. Abrah. Nicod - 1
Mr. Char. Saillee - 1
Theph. Mallott and his wife - 2
Gulte - 1
Mullin - 1
John ffarcy and his wife, - 2
Steph. Chastaine and his wife, - 2
Peter Tuly and his wife, - 2
John Joacmi and his wife - 2
Minst and his wife - 2
Gawey and his wife - 2
Bilbun and his wife, - 2
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ffaur, his brother and sister, - 3
Parcule and his wife, - 2
Leverre, - 1
Gillan, - 1
Voyer and his wife, - 2
Peter Gaway and his wife - 2
John Saye - 1
Pantier - 1
Chambures and his wife - 2
Morret and his wife - 2
Peter Perry - 1
Mallon, his wife and father - 3
Brouse and one child - 1
Corun - 1
Cabarnis and his wife - 2
Imbart and his wile, - 2
Sasin - 1
Vigne - 1
Garren - 1
Chalagenie, his wife and one child - 3
Debart - 1
Bernard and his wife - 2
Cath. Billet - 1
suplet, his wife and four children - 6
Moroll and his wife and one child - 3
Cocuelguic. - 1
Veras and his wife - 2
Isaac Verey - 2
John Buffe, Du Clue, La Cadon - 3 [Total] - 81
The names of such as came in the second ship:
Mr. Benj'n DeJoux - 1
Barel, his wife and one child - 3
Govin, and his wife and Joshua Pettit - 3
Alocastres, John Gunn and Timothy Russ - 3
Isaac Lefavour and his wife and John Martin - 3
John Owner and his wife and Meshall - 3
Remy and his wife, Gavand and his wife - 4
Villain, and his wife and Shabron - 3
Abrate Befour, his wife and 4 children - 6
Jasper supus, his wife and 4 children - 6
[Total] - 35
All and every ye persons herein before mentioned are seated
between ve creeks (excepted Duclow and Sneadow) who came
also in ye first ship and are settled on ye other side ye said creek.
And these that follow are likewise seated between ye said creeks
but came in the third ship, (vizt.):
Rapine, his wife and 2 children, - 4
ffran Benon and Gillaum - 2
Treyon, his wife and 1 child below ye creek, - 3
[Total] - 9
The names of those y't came in ye fourth ship and are also settled
between ye creeks:
Buffo, Shulu, and his wife and 3 children - 6
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Tumar and his wife, Chevas and 2 children - 5
Valiant, ffasant, John Pastour - 3
Mary Legraund - 1
Robert, his wife and one child - 3
Mocks, his wife and one child - 3
Lamas - 1
[Total] - 23
A List of such as came in ye second and fourth shipps, and that
are seated below ye creeks are as follows:
Greordocaso - 1
Jno. Boshard, his wife and 3 children, - 5
Dan'l Bluet and 2 children - 3
Pet'r Musset and his wife, and Misar Brock - 3
J os. Oliver, Po. Leaseo, and Jno. Marsarae - 3
ffr'a Clapy and Legraund and 3 children - 5
Nicti Mar, his wife and 2 children - 4
Sam'l Huntteeker, his wife and 2 children - 4
ffra Duacon, Anth. Bonion, and Provo - 3
Muller and 1 child - 2
Dufontaine, his wife and one child - 3
Jasper Gardner, his wife and 3 children - 5
[Total] - 41
In ye fourth Shipp:
John Leroy, booker, and his wife and one child - 4
Coullon and his wife, - 2
[Total] - 6
below ye Creek:
Merchant Suillee, his wife and 2 children and one negro woman -
Anthony Obray between ye Creeks - 1
[Total] - 6
These two persons last mentioned came from New York.
David Ministres and his wife not gone up falling creek 2
Nov. 10, 1701 23
Wm. Byrd 9
Copia, 35
Testa 81
Dionisus Wright Total 203

At a Councill held at his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge of William and
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Mary, the 25th October, 1700
Present--his Excell'y in Councill.
Whereas, several ffrench Refugees have lately, (vizt.) on or about
the 20th Instant, arrived at James City, in this Colony, with
designe to goe up to Manikin Towne in the upper parts of James
River, whither severall ffrench are already gone to make
Settlement; his Excellency and the Hon'ble Councill taking the
same into their serious consideration, are of opinion, that
(considering the poverty and disability of the said Refugees, their
ignorance in the Customes and affaires of this Colony, their wants
and necessities, being destitute of all meanes of support and
sustinence at present), It will be most for their advantage and
interest to disperse themselves, and do accordingly Order,
License and permitt the aforesaid ffrench Refugees to disperse
themselves into severall parts of this country that they may
thereby the better provide for the future support of themselves
and ffamilies untill the next fall, at which time further care may
be taken therein
At a Council held at the Hon'ble Mr. Auditor Byrd's, 14th day of
November, 1700-
Present: his Excellency in Councill
Whereas, severall ffrench Protestant Refugees have been by his
most sacred Majesty sent into this Colony with particular
Instructions from his Majesty to his Excellency; the Gover'r, to
incourage and protect them in their settling here;
And whereas, by former Order in Councill the place of their
settlement was appointed at the Manikin Towne, above the falls
of James River, to the end that all due observance and obedience
may be paid to his Maj'tie's aforesaid Royall instructions in that
behalfe, and the Government be the better enabled to render unto
his most sacred Maj'tie a full and briefe acc't of the particular
proceedings therein:
It is ye opinion of ye Councill, and accordingly ordered, that
Monsieur De Sailly render an acc't (to the next Councill to be held
at his Maj'Iie's Royall Colledge of William and Mary ye Third of
December next) what French were carried up to the aforesaid
place, in what state and condition they now are, w't money he
hath received in England for their use, and how it hath been
disposed of; as also to lay before ye Councill copies of all ye
Transactions betwixt him and Doctor Cox relating to the
aforesaid ffrench refugees. There have been carryed up to
Monocantown about 120 Refugees, of whom 6 are dead and about
20 gone away, some for libertinage and lazinesse and some for
want of bread, being not able to suffer hunger and take patience
when we meet with disappointments (as we did when Bossard
and his 'complices stole away upon ye road with force, violence
and threatenings the meale from our men and horses, what
occasioned almost all ye people to come down and leave ye place),
and cannot get meal; but we believe that severall of them and
others living in ye English plantations would goe and settle there
constantly if they were sure of a peck of meal a head weekly, of a
bushell of pease and a peck of salt once for all, and of some
blanketts to cover in cold weather such as have none; and we
think y't most part of them would doe well, clear ye ground to
provide themselves ye next year w'th bread, and afterwards w'th
all necessaries, and to pay to his Maj'tie all observances, duty and
obedience. We Judge it soe, because we see y't some of y'm who
have not been soe sick, and are already pretty well, are
encouragement to others; and severall told they would come upp
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again and settle themselves at work if we could afford them bread
to maintain and strengthen them, because they have been so long
sick y't they are weak still, and they cannot hope to recover their
health and strength in fasting; and so for ye present, their
condition being very poor, deserves his maj'tie's charity; and y't
some allowance may be made unto them out of the Briefs, money
or other to provide y'm w'th corn, doilies, seeds, tools and some
cattle, because for want of lands upon Nantsmund River, where
they thought to be settled and set down by the Ship altogether
w'th their gdods without any charge, they have been obliged to
goe up about 150 miles into ye woods 25 miles from ye
plantations, and to bear great and extraordinary charges for their
transportation and of all their goods and victualls, besides ye loss
they suffered at James town by ye sinking of their sloop, where
they had their goods lost and spoiled to ye value of 300£, and ye
sicknesse they have laid under at ye falls these 4 months having
been above 150 sick at once, w'th soe little help and assistance in
a place where provisions are so scarse and dear, y't they have
been forced for some small relief and supply to sell their arms,
clothes and other goods after having spent what money they had,
and so to remain naked and deprived of all commoditics till his
Maj'tie be pleased to assist and relieve them to enable y'm to
make good plantations and to build ye Town; but Capt. Webb or
some other must be appointed, w'th power and authority to rule
and command y'm, because being come only to endeavour to
settle y'm conveniently and comfortably, haveing overgone all ye
hardships and difficulties of ye beginning and liveing as Refugees
upon His Maj'tie's allowance in England and Ireland, which we
cannot receive here, we desire to goe there to enjoy of his Maj'tie's
bounty and to return to every one what they have entrusted unto
us, to remove all ye prejudices of tales and false reports of ye
ffrench and Popish Emissaries, who have alwayes endeavoured to
cross and oppose this undertaking, and as we see have prevailed
and sent over some men to cross and contradict us and to make
us suspect to ye Nation, Governm't and Clergy and to all other
people; but we shall prove to ye whole world y't we have taken all
these troubles and charges upon us only out of Charity, and done
all this w'th honesty and silcenty; and for ye other Refugees
settled by Mr de Joux between Manycan Creek and Powick Creek,
we doe not know their condition, and though they have given
unto us great many supjects of Complaints in troubling and
vexing us, we will Charitably spare y'm; and to avoid all disputes
and quarrels, desiring to live quietly and peaceably, say nothing
of ye malice and tricks they employ every day to blame and accuse
us without justice, cause or reason, and leave to ye said de Joux to
give what acc't he pleases, since he hath done all without us and
kept ye oth'er 'factures and goods sent to us; what we affirme this
2d day of December, 1700.
If the hon'ble assembly like this undertaking and settl't, and has
a mind (as we hope) to assist and encourage it, it's necessary, that
ye Minister De Joux be ordered to goe up to settle and stay in ye
Town to preach, make prayers, and perform other dutys of his
ministry; that he be ordered to give and deliver ye accounts,
'factures and goods intrusted unto him and sent to us to sell,
exchange, or mortgage y'm for Corn, &c., for the supplys of ye
people; that ye people of ye 3d ship and their chiefs be alsoe
ordered to doe ye same for ye same use, and particularly for 23£
sterling intrusted unto y'm in a Trunck of Chirurgy and medicine
sent unto us for; ye Colony, besides ye same money as others;
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That a proclamation be sent to every parish to forbid to receive,
keep and maintain any of them without ye leave and discharge of
their directors, and to order to ye s'd refugees, who run up and
down, and have no place or condition to go up and work, to settle
themselves; and finally that a stock of Corn be provided in good
time to supply y' m, or a sunime of money to buy it as soon as
possible, which may be returned unto such as shall be willing to
advance and lend ye s'd Come or money out of the gratifications
they expect from his Maj'tie and from this country, or by
themselves, at least in 2 or 3 years, when they shall be settled
according to ye account kept by such as shall be appointed to be
their directors.
At the City of Williamsburgh, Dec 9th, 1700-
Present: his Excellency in Councill.
It is the opinion of ye Councill that his Maj'tie's and the Lord's
letter concerning the Marquess de La Muce and the setll't of the
French refugees and all papers relating to that matter, the Lord's
Letter concerning the building and erecting a house for the
Governor, and ye settleing and regulating of all claimes and
publick debts, and to see in what state ye Revenue at present
stands, be recommended to the Consideration of the House of
Indenture made 2d day of May, 1698, between Daniel Cox, in the
County of Middlesex, Proprietary of Carolana and fflorida, on the
one part, and Sir William Wailer, Knight, Oliver, Marques de la
Muce and Monsieur Charles de Sailly, of the other part: "Whereas
a discovery being made of a region or Territory in ye parts of
America between ye degrees of 31 and 36 North latitude
inclusively, King Charles V, by Letters Pat. under the great seal
bearing date Westminster, 30 October, in the 5th year of his
reign, granted and confirmed unto Sir Robert Heath, Kn'ght, all
this land lying within certain boundaries; and also all those
Islands of Veanis, Bahamas, and all other Islands or Isletts there
or neare thereto, and lying Southwards of and from ye s'd
Continent, all w'ch lye within ye degrees of 31 and 36 northern
latitude inclusively,'' &c., &c. Of this land, Daniel Cox sells to the
above nam'd parties 500,000 acres, English measure, on ye west
side of ye River Spiritu Sancto, which empties itself into ye Bay of
apalache at ye N. E'd of ye Gulph of Mexico, which shall be
purchased by ye Proprietary of ye Indian natives; To have and to
hold the s'd Tract of land to them, the said Sir William Waller,
Knight, Oliver, Marques de la Muce and Monsieur Charles de
Sailly, their heires and assigns forever; and if ye s'd parties and
their associates shall take up 500,000 acres more, they shall have
power from ye Proprietary so to doe, Provided it be taken up
within ye space of Seaven yeares ensueing the date hereof, paying
quit rents for the same," &c., &c. The late King did erect this
Territory into a Province, and named it Carolana, and the said
Islands the Carolana Islands. The last 500,000 acres to be
purchased by the parties to the second part "of ye Indian natives
at their own proper charge and expence;" and they shall be
allowed "six months' time to view the country in order to their
choice of such Lands whereon they intend to settle, and that from
and after the time of their choice of such lands, that the said Sir
Wm. Wailer, Kn'ght, Oliver, Marques de la Muce, and Monsieur
Charles de Sailly, or their associates, shall enjoy the said lands
Seven yeares, paying only a ripe Ear of Indian Come in the season
if demanded ; and from ye Expiring of the said Seaven yeares 5
shillings Sterling money of England, or the value thereof, in either
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Corne or Bullion of Gold or silver, as a Quitt-rent for every 500
acres of Land soe taken up and purchased by the Proprietary as
aforesaid." Dr. Cox also reserved for himself the selection of 2 or
more places for Ports or Harbours, with a competent Tract of
land adjoining; also stipulates for certain royalties on all mines,
quarrys, or pearl fisheries discovered. Also certain concessions
are made for the introduction into the country of " 100 families or
200 Persons," Protestants. " It is mutually agreed, that if the said
parties and their associates doe not within the space of 2 yeares,
next ensuing ye date hereof, transport, or cause to be transported,
at least 200 families to plant and settle within ye s'd Colony, then
this Grant and commission shall cease, Determine, and be utterly
void and ineffectuall to all Intents and purposes whatsoever."
Indenture made "the 22d January, 1639, in ye 13th year of
Charles," between Sir John Harvey, Kn'ght, Governour of
Virginia, and the R't Hon' ble Henry Lord Maltravers, "assignes
and sells out" a competent tract of Land in ye Southern part of the
Colony, to beare a name of a County, and be called ye County of
Norfolk." Said tract situate, lying and being on the southern side
of James River, in the branch of ye said river, hereafter to be
called Maltravers' River, towards the head of ye said Nanzimum
alias Maltravers' River, being bounded from that part of
Maltravers' river, where it divides itself into Branches, one degree
in Longitude on either side of ye River, and in Latitude to ye
height of 35 degrees, Northerly Latitude, by ye name and
appelation of ye county of Norfolk." And when Lord Maltravers
have peopled and planted said tract, he is allowed to make choice
and to enter into as much more land in Virginia, &c
This humble supplication, by the under written petitioners, in the name and
behalfe of all the ffrench Refilgees arrived in Virginia, along w'th Monsieur
De Joux, as also in the behalfe of the greater part of ye ffrench Refugees,
who Landed here both before and since to settle themselves in a Colony-
Sheweth ....That whereas, the King's snost Excellent Maj'tie, out of his
gracious good will and pleasure, hath granted the ffrench Refugees a Liberty
to Settle a Colony in Virginia. His Maj'tie for the incouragem't of that
designe hath given Three thousand pounds Sterling, to defray the charges of
500 persons in crossing the seas and to relieve their owne necessities.
In compliance with his Maj'tie's Order, the Marquis de la Muce and
Monsieur De Sailly and severall other ffrench Refugees, to the number of
about 200 persons, embarqued themselves last Aprill for Virginia,
publishing and giving out that they sailed thither to put themselves in a
capacity to receive such of their brethren as should afterwards imitate their
Example, And in consideration hereof the above mentioned Sieurs De Ia
Muce and De Sailly requested the Sieurs Jaquean, Belet and others of their
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ffriends whom they left behind, that at such opportunities of shipping as
offered they should use the same care and diligence as they did to promote
that designe.
About two months after the first embarquement, there departed a
second,bound to the same place, consisting of about 150 Refugees, among
whom was Monsieur De Joux, sent along with them to exercise his pastorall
function as Minister of all ye s'd Colony, and who for that end was admitted
into holy orders by my Lord Bishop of London.
These last haveing landed at Jamestown, understood to their great joy and
satisfaction how graciously your Excellency received the first party in letting
them feele ye effects of yo'r bounty and generosity so many wayes, and
particularly in alloting them for their settlement one of the best tracts of
land in the whole country, but to which there is no passing by water, as
being 25 miles at least above the falls of James River.
But so far was the second party of ffrench Refugees from receiving that aide
and assistance they proposed to themselves from the first, that on ye
contrary it was noe small suprisall there to understand that more than one
halfe of the first party lay sick at ye ffalls languishing under misery and
want, notwithstanding the considerable supplies that the Sieurs De la Muce
and De Sailly received, both from y'r Excellency and from the Country, as
also y't a great number of 'em was dead, and y't so many of 'em as repaired
to their new settlem' t were in a distressed condition and in great disorder,
complaining of the hard-heartedness of De Sailly, and speaking of him as of
one whose conduct was odious and insupportable.
It was a considerable surprisall that instead of seeing this second party
kindly received by Mr. De Sailly, and admitted to have a share in those
charitable supplies he had in his hands and in those he had received from
the country, his answer, on the contrary, to such as addrest him for reliefe
was, That he had no bread nor sustenance for 'em. Nay, further, he opposed
those who desired to take up such tracts of land as were adjacent to the
Lands he had marked out for those of his first party, unless they would
swear an oath of fidelity to such particular persons as he had made Justices
of the Peace, which oaths those of the second party refused to take, being
fully perswaded they lay under no obligation so to doe.
Being, therefore, destitute of all hopes of obtaining provision and reliefe
from Mon'r De Sailly, they hindered Monsieur De Joux in his designe of
delivering up into the hands of De Sailly those goods with which Messieurs
Jaquean, Belet and their company entrusted him. And having had sufficient
tryall of the s'd Mons. De Joux's integrity and affection towards them, they
requested him to use his utmost care and diligence in procuring some
sustenance for 'em and some lands, w'ch they might labour, sow and
improve in hopes that God's blessing upon their endeavours may give 'em
some supsistence for ye future w'thout being burdensome to ye country And
this what the s'd De Joux has done with so much successe by his mediation
with those magistrates that ruled ye country in your Excellency's absence,
that we have had such supplies as have almost hitherto relieved our
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At the same time ye said De Joux has, by your Excellencie's permission, and
to our common satisfaction, shared out among us the Lands we are now
clearing, in order to our future supsistance.
For these, and several other weighty considerations, we humbly supplicate
and Petition y'r Excellency, not only in our own behalfe, but also in ye
behalfe of the ffrench refugees y't arrived here first along w'th the Sieurs De
la Mace and De Sailly, and in the behalfe of the third Party that arrived last
of all, and are now disperst about Jamestown, to grant us these following
That it may please your Excell'y, in continuing your charitable disposition
towards your Petitioners, to be instrumentall in procuring food and
sustenance for them, with other things necessary for their supsistance, till
they are in a capacity to live by the fruits of their own labours.
And because that tract of Land your Excell'y allotted to ye ffrench Refugees
is soe remote from the English plantation, and that there is no carrying of
things by water, Your Petitioners being likewise destitute of all necessaries
for transporting things by land, and being otherwise unable to attend such
postages without neglecting their other labours more than one-halffe of ye
yeare, they do therefore petition y'r Excell'y to order that such supplies as
you will procure for their s'd supsistance may be carried and transported
gratis to ye hithermost frontiers of their plantations.
3d Article.
And being that your petitioners can have noe prospect of any good
livelyhood in planting of tobacco, and that they cannot expect to be able in a
short time to drive a trade in wings, flax, Silk and hemp, and other effects of
their industry, which they aime at, and which cannot turne to any good
account till after some years are past, during which they will want many
things necessary for their comfortable living, They therefore petition y'r
Excell'y to use y'r interest with the King's Maj'tie in procuring some
encouragements for their labours, and in endeavouring to obtaine of his
Maj'tie, for some years at least, a comfortable supsistance for the Ministry
among them.
That it may please your Excell'y to order Monsieur De Sailly to disburse to
ye above mentioned Colony the sum of Thirty Pounds Sterling out of the
230£ Sterling designed for the building of a church, without or ornaments, a
house for the Minister and a magazin to lay up fresh goods in, as shall be
found to belong to ye said Colony in Common till it is in a condition to build
a more decent and convenient church.
That the said 30 Pounds be paid down by Monsieur De Sailly to Monsieur
De Joux for the said purpose.
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That the said Church be built in such a place as Monsieur de Joux shall
think proper and convenient for the exercise of his ministeriall function.
And because ye s'd Monsieur De Sailly (though he has in his custody all ye
money that has been given to ye Colony for its supsistance), has refused to
afford it any further reliefe or sustenance, under pretense that he hath no
more money, not excepting so much as ye above summe of 23O£ Sterling,
designed for the building of ye Church. Therefore your petitioners doe
beseech your Excell'y to order that the said De Sailly may, as soon as
possible, give an account before such auditors as your Excell'y shall
nominate, how he has employed and laid out all ye money he has received,
as well in London as in this Government, for the use of ye said Colony.
That the remaining summe which Monsieur De Sailly shall be found
indebted in after he has made up his account, whether it be in money or
goods, may be deposited in the hands of y'r Excell'y, or of such
Commissioners as y r Excell'y shall make choice of; that so it may be
preserved for the supplying of the urgent necessities of the Colony.
It being impossible to keep the said Colony in any good order without
Magistrates, as being at too long a distance from the English to receive
necessary justice from them, the s'd Colony doth therefore petition y'r
Excell'y to give them liberty to choose such a number of Judges for a time, at
least, as shall be thought necessary for determining all Civill causes, and that
ye s'd Judges be chosen by ye people out of the number of those whose
catalogue shall be presented by Monsieur De Joux.
That the Judgements w'ch shall be past by the s'd Judges in Civill causes
may be liable to an appeale to the courts next adjacent to the Manakin
Towne, excepting when the summe in controversy doth not exceed three
pounds sterling. 8th.
To prevent the dissolution of ye said Colony, your petitioners do beseech
your Excell'y to give strict order to ye English to entertaine none of the
ffrench without permission, and that such ffrench as shall desert their new
settlement be ordered to restore the 5£ Sterl'g paid for their passage, as also
ye goods w'ch they received and belong to the said Colony. 9th.
That Monsieur La Soseé, physician to ye said Colony, be ordered to returne
again thither and carry back with him all ye medecins and instruments that
ye Colony had entrusted him with.
Your Petitioners doe most humbly supplicate your Excell'y to take into your
serious consideration the most deplorable condition of the ffrench Refugees
now under your protection, and to grant them the above mentioned favours,
and such other reliefs as your Excellency out of your singular goodness shall
think fitt to bestow upon them. And they will always pray to God for ye
preservation of your person and for the prosperity and glory of your
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D. BIeüet, Ettienne Chabran,
Jacque Corbelose, LaBarr Eabuyt,
P. Zossard, Abraham Foy,
N. Mare, ffrancois Delhapiel,
David Menetres, P. Labady,
Daulegre, Paul Caftes,
Souan, Moise Verrüeil,
P. Baudry, p. Brault,
Anthoine de Ramberge, Jacob Capon,
ffrancois Gannard, Michael Michell,
Jean Levillanà, Jean Arnaut,
Jean Aboàsson, J. Hagault,
Theodore Duronsau, Josue Petit,
Pierre Rivers, Jean Rugon,
Jean Riviol, Elie Gullature,
Jean Mearyut, Poussite,
Pierre Leluells, S. Augustin.
L. Robàll
Act 2d.
An act making the ffrench Refugees, Inhabiting at the Mannikin Towne and
the parts adjacent, a distinct parish by themselves, and Exempting them
from ye payment of publick and County Levies for 7 yeares.
Whereas a considerable number of ffrench Protestant refugees have been
lately imported into this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion, Severall of
which Refugees have seated themselves above the ffalls of James River, at or
near to a place commonly called and Knowne by the name of the Manikin
Towne, ffor the Encouragement of the said Refugees to settle and remaine
together, as near as may be, to the said Manakin Towne, Be it Enacted by the
Governor, Councill and Burgesses of this present General Assembly; and it is
hereby Enacted that the said Refugees, inhabiting at the said Manakin
Towne and the parts adjacent, shall be accounted and taken for Inhabitants
of a distinct parish by themselves, and the land which they now doe, or shall
hereafter possess at, or adjacent to, the said Manakin Towne, shall be, and is
hereby, declared to be a Parish by itself; distinct from any other parish to be
called and Knowne by the name of King William's parish, in the County of
Henrico, and not lyable to the payment of parish Levies in any other Parish
whatsoever; and be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that such
and so many of the said refugees as are already settled, or shall hereafter
settle themselves as Inhabitants of the said Parish at the Manakin Towne
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and the parts adjacent, shall themselves and their ffamilies, and every of
them, be free and exempted from the payment of Publick and County Levies
for the space of 7 yeares next ensueing from the Publication of this act; any
Law, custom or usage to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
Copia, Teste:
At his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge of William & Mary, 23d Dec'r, 1700-
Present: His Excell'y in Councill.
A Brief being proposed for the relief and support of the ffrench refugees
Inhabiting at the Mannikin Towne above the falls of James river, the same
was read. in Councill and signed, and the Colony seal ordered to be thereto
To all Christian People to whom these presents shall come, I ffrancis
Nicholson, Esq're, his Maj'tie's L't and Governor Generall of Virginia, send
Greeting: Whereas, severall ffrench Protestant refugees having lately arrived
in this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of Virginia, Imported hither at
the sole charge and Pious Charity of his most Sacred Maj'tie, and concerning
whom his most Sacred Maj'tie, by his most gracious Letter to mee directed,
bearing date at Kensington ye 18 March, 1699 [1700], hath signitied his
royall will and pleasure, That all possible Encouragement should be given
them upon their arrivall in order to their settlement; And whereas, the Right
Hon'ble the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, by their Letter
of Aprill 12, 1700, have also recommended them to my favourable
assistance, Pursuant whereunto they are now seated at a place called or
known by the name of the Mannikin Town above the ifalls of James River,
by virtue of an order in Councill dated at James City the 8 day of August,
1700; But forasmuch as the said refugees having nothing at their arrivall
here wherewith to supsist, they have hitherto been supported by the
contributions of severall pious and charitable Gentlemen in these paris. And
whereas, It is manifest and apparent that unless the same Charitable and
Christianlike acts be Continued for their reliefe untill such time as they may
reape and receive the fruits of their own Labour by the next ensueing cropp
they must inevitably perish for want of ffood, Therefore, I, the said ffrancis
Nicholson, Esq'r, By and with the advice and consent of his Maj'tie's Hon'ble
Councill, doe hereby recommend ye sad and deplorable Condition of the
aforesaid ffrench refugees to the consideration of all pious, charitable and
well disposed Persons within this, his Maj'tie's Colony and Dominion of
Virginia, desiring that they will express, by supscriptions to this Briefe, what
benevolences or gifts they in their Charity shall think fitt to bestow either in
money, Corne, or any other thing for the support and reliefe of these our
poor distress'd Christian brethren, And I doe hereby Impower and authorize
the Hon'ble Wm. Byrd, Esq'r, and Benj'n Harrison, Esq'r, 2 of his Maj'tie's
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Councill of State, to receive and distribute amongst the said refugees such
and soe many benevolences and gifts as the respective benefactors shall be
willing to bestow for the promoting and forwarding of this charitable worke.
Given under my hand and seale of the Colony of his Maj'tie's Royall Colledge
of Wm. and Mary, this 12 yeare of his Maj'tie's reign, 1700.
Copia, Teste:
£ s d
To buy Pork 5 0 0
To buy Wheat 5 0 0 ffra Nicholson
Tobacco, 1,000.
Indian Corne, 20 Barrells.
William Byrd 10 0 0
Edmund Jennigns 5 0 0
J. Lightfoot 1 0 0
Matthew Page, 5 0 0
Benj'n Harrison, 5 0 0
Rob't Carter, 5 0 0
Peter Beverley, 4 0 0
Miles Cary 3 0 0
William Leigh 2 0 0
G. Corbin, 2 0 0
Edwin Thacker 2 0 0
Nath. Harrison 2 0 0
William Tayloe, 1 0 0
Alexander Spence 1 0 0
Wm. Waters, 1 0 0
George Marable 1 1 0
Robert Beverley 2 0 0
Thomas Milner 1 0 0
William Wilson, 3 0 0
William ffox, 1 0 0
Thomas Ballard, 1 0 0
Wm. Cary, 1 0 0
Tully Robinson , 1 0 0
Matthew Godfrey 1 0 0
Thomas Barber 1 0 0
John Catlett 1 0 0
Thomas Hobson 1 0 0
Wm. Gough, 1 0 0
James Westcomb 1 0 0
Gideon Macon 1 0 0
Ja. ffoster 1 0 0
James Bray, 1 0 0
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Sam'll Thompson, 1 0 0
John Pewett 1 0 0
Mord. Cooke, 1 0 0
Jno. Thorowgood 1 0 0
Thos. Edmundson 1 0 0
Rich'd Blande 1 0 0
Thos. Giles 10 0
Henry Applewhite 10 0
Copia, Test:
The London Society for promoting Christian knowledge, about the year 1715,
took under their protection about 200 French refugees, and out of that
number the following were sent to America at the Society's expense:
Elizabeth de la Brouse, Sent to Carolina
Philip Gouiran, Gone to Virgina
Claude la Boire Gone to Virginia
Vincent Pinna Gone to Carolina
Col. Wm. Randolph presented a letter from the Maquis De La Muce and
Monsieur Charles De Sailly.
"To ye Hondurable Colonell Rumdolph, Act.. ye Court of Henrico County-
"Sir, --We think ourselves bound to desire you to acquaint the worshipfull
Court of Henrico County that Mr. Sehull, the Goldsmith that came along
with us in July last, being Dead a little while... plantation, in the sd. County,
two Miles from Capt. Webb [leaving?] one Child with two French men
servants .... all ye mony, Jewells and other goods belonging to the ... very ill;
also one other boy, son to Mr. Rogers, printer to.... Elector of Brandenburg,
who, designing to Come over, ... did Intrust this boy unto the s'd Gold Smith,
with a par- .... of above 8o1., which the said men will alsoe Spoil and waste
.... -ented by ye s'd Court. In appointing somebody to gathere.... an
Inventory and Secure all, for the supply and Relief of these ... who came to
us to complain of their want and the hardship .... put upon them, abuseing
them and treating them worse than... and desireing us to take them with
their goods, and to deliver .... from that misery, to put them into Some other
houses ... find just, Reasonable and necessary; but haveing or
authority to Doe it, Wee apply ourselves to ye Court . . these cases might be
taken In Consideracon as Some orders . . Speedily to avoid the Disapacon of
the remaining part of Goods, and so provide ye Children, or put them at
Liberty To provide themselves with our advices till wee may get an answer
from their parents, and so doing you will make a great Charity and oblige
much. Your Most humble and most obedient servants,
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"At Capt. Webb's house, this 29th J'n'y, 1700 [1701]."
Col. Byrd notifys the court that Henry Ayscough, who had been guardian
of Peter Sehull, orphan of Mr. Tertullian Sehull, one of the French refugees,
was dead.
A Statement that on Feb. 1st, 1702 [1703], Mr. Abraham Salle gave bond as
executor of Mr. Soloman Delalua, with Mr. Chas. De Sally and Mr. David
Minitrees as security; and that De Sally had since gone to Eng., and
Minetrees removed himself to a remote part of the colony.
By hiz Ex'cy and the hon'ble Council, Mr. Sp'r and Gent'n of the H of
April 24th, 1704.
His Ex'cy and the hon'ble Council having received diverse petitions
heretofore presented by the ffrench Refugees, settled at Manicantown,
praying for naturalizacon, with several other papers relating to that
settlement, Have thought fitt to recommend to y'r house the mature
consideracon of the s'd peticons and papers as being a case of very great
By ord'r of his Ex'cy and ye hon'ble Council.
W. R., Cl'k Ge. C't.
WILLIAMSBURG, August 14, 1716.
Daniel Blouett, a French settler, prays for redress against one Dupins who
had unlawfully surveyed and seized upon a tract of 133 acres of land at
Manicantown belonging to the said Blouett; being the amount of land that
had been allowed to each family of French Refugees by the Government.
To the Honourable Presid' t and Council.
Sept. 2d, 1707.
The answer of Abraham Salle to the Petition of Mr. Philipe, humbly
That whereas, the s'd Philipe Complained that I affronted him on the 3oth
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day of March last, while he was in the Pulpit, by calling him seditious, and
the cheif of ye seditious, I beg leave to represent to your honnors the whole
fact as it happen' d, which I flatter myself will be a compleat justification.
When Mr. Philipe had finish'd the service of the day, he continued in the
Pulpit as his custome is where there is any Parish business to be done, the
first thing he did, was to demand the Register of Christenings to be delivered
up to him out of ye Clerk of the Vestry' hands, and in case he refused to do it,
he would excommunicate him; he was pleas' d to say this with a rage very
unbecoming the place, which made me intreat him to have a little patience
till the dispute should be ended, whether the Register should be in the
Vestry's Custody or his; I assur'd him that the Vestry had no intention either
to encroach upon his Rights or to give up their own, and therefor desir'd to
inform themselves more fully of that matter; upon this, he flew out into a
gretter pasion than before, and frankly told us that he acknowledg'd no
Vestry there was, neither would he have the people acknowledge any.
Immediately after his nameing the People, sevarol of his party, and
particularly Lacaze and Michel, stood up, and in the Church took the liberty
to utter many injurious things against me and the last prest thro' the whole
congregation to get up to the place where I was, and then catching me by the
coat, he threatened me very hardly, and by his Example, several of the crowd
were heard to say, we must assassinate that damn'd fellow with the black
beard, and that Bougre de Chien ought to be hanged up out of the way, and
several other violent Expressions, not very proper for the Church. The s'd
Philipe in the mean time, was so far from endeavouring to appease their
tumult, that 'twas observed he did his best to inflame it, and was ____
lowder and more outragious than anybody. I thought it now my duty as a
Justice, to command the peace, putting the people in mind of the day and
occasion, and the place where they were, but all to little purpose; the
Queen's name had no effect upon them. When I found matters in that
dangerous condition, I thought it prudent to withdraw, and when I came to
the Church door, I told Mr. Philipe 'twas visible that he had fomented that
sedition, and therefore he was a seditious person, and even the Chief of the
Seditious. This is the naked fact as it happened, which I am ready to prove to
your honours by sufficient testimony, which, if I do, I have the confidence to
hope I need no further Justification.
And then, as far as his petitioning for an Order for Chooseing a new Vestry
at Monocantown, I humbly beg leave to represent to your honours the
unreasonableness of that Petition.
Not long after the erecting Monocantown into a Parish, the Parishioners
were assembled to elect a Vestry, and the Plurality of voices fell upon the
following persons:
Jacob Amonner, Jean Guerin Pierre Chastain,
Abra. Soblet Jacque Lacaze Jean Farcy,
Jacques Brotisse Abra. Remy Jean Foniuelle,
Louis Outartre, Andre Aubry Abra. Salle.
Vestry of Monacanlown Parish
In that election the Law of this Country was punctually observ'd; the
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persons were 12 in number, and were chosen by the Major part of the
Parish, called together by Mr. Philipe for that purpose; they were not chosen
for one year, according to the electing Elders in france, w'ch Mr. Philipe
would insinuate, but were chosen as a lawful Vestry, and for several years
have been own'd as such, even by Mr. Philipe himself, and he has always
apply'd himself to them for his Salary; they have been called Antiens
because the French have no other word in their language for a Vestryman,
and it has never been questioned by any one whether this were a legal Vestry
or not, till lately that the Sr. Philipe, upon a quarrel he's had with some
particular member of it, would get this Vestry quashed, to introduce his
onne Creature that will be ready to Sacrifice . . . of the parish to his
extravagance and arbitrary humour, if....
Present the Hon' ble Lieut.-Governour in Councill. On Reading at this Board
a Petition of Abraham Sallee and Claude Phillipe de Richbourgh, in behalf of
themselves and other French Refugees, Inhabitants of the Mannakin Town,
setting forth: "That at their first arrival there was granted for the Settlement
of the said Refugees a Tract of Ten Thousand acres of Land, to be laid out
according to the rate of a hundred and thirty-three acres to each Family.
That the said Refugees did settle upon some part of the said Land, and had
about five Thousand Acres then laid out and divided among them; but the
said division having Regard to the particular Settlement, so as to give to
every man the proportion.... adjoining to his House, and therefore proposing
that a more equal distribution of the said land may be made, and that those
who have not their full proportion in the first Five Thousand Acres may have
the same made up out of the last Five Thousand Acres, laid out and
appropriated for the aforesaid Settlement.
This Board, taking the said Petition--with the proposals therein contain' d--
into consideration, have thought fitt to Order that the Land above mention'd
be laid out and distributed in manner following (vizt): That all such heads of
Families, and their Representatives as have been constantly resident at the
said Manakin Town from the first Settlement, shall, in the first place, draw
Lotts, and, according to the priority of their Lotts, shall have liberty to
choose ; And shall Accordingly have as much Land laid out for them
respectively in the last five Thousand Acres as will, with the land they have
already, make up their full complement of 133 Acres to each Family. That all
persons that have come in since the first Settlement, and have been
constantly Resident at the Mannakin Town since their first Coming, shall, in
the next place, draw Lotts, and, according to the Priority of their said Lotts,
shall have their proportion of Land in the last 5,000 Acres to compleat with
what they have already, the quantity of 133 Acres to each Family. And, in the
last place, such as have deserted the said Settlement, and afterwards
returned to Inhabit there, shall, in like manner, draw Lotts, and be preferr'd
to the choice of Land in the last 5,000 Acres, to make up their Complement
of 133 Acres for each respective Family, according to the priority of their
Lotts. And it is Ordered, that the Surveyor of the county of Henrico do lay
out the said respective proportions of Land at the charges of the Person
desiring the same. In which he is hereby directed and required to take care
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that the breadth of the several Shares of Land bear a due proportion to the
length. and that no small slips of Land be left between the Lotts that may
not be useftill or fitt to be taken up by any Other Person.
And in case it shall be found that any Person hath, in the first five Thousand
Acres of Land, more than the said proportion of 133 Acres, and his next
Neighbour hath not enough, that such Neighbour shall have the Overplus
Added to his Lott to make his said lott the Number of 133 Acres, and if any
Improvements be made upon the same, the Owner of that Lott, to which it is
added, shall pay to the other the value the said Improvements shall be
appraised at.
And it is further Ordered, that such of the French Refugees as have bought
the Plantations, or dividents of any other of the said Nation in the first
5,000 Acres, shall have and enjoy the same without prejudice to such
Purchaser, to hold the Land due to him for his own share, and to take up as
much more as will make his said Share the Compleat quantity of 133 Acres.
Provided, That no Person who hath sold his proportion of the first 5,000
Acres shall be Intitled to take up any more of the second 5,000 Acres than
he should have had in case such Sale had never been made. And if any
Person hath already Settled upon the last 5,000 Acres of Land, and hath
made Improvements thereon, such Person shall have his whole quantity of
133 Acres laid out in the last 5,000, provided there be sufficient over and
above the Proportion due to the other Inhabitants, and there be not, then
the Houses and clear'd grounds of such Persons shall be reserved to him as
part of his Proportion to the said Tract of Land.
And whereas, divers of the first heads of Families settled at the Mannakin
Town are since dead, it is Ordered that the Heir or Children of the Deceas'd
(if any be), and if not the Widdow, shall have and Enjoy the divident Allotted
or which ought to be Allotted . . . . head of Family be dead without Heir or
other Representatives, his Share or Proportion of the said Lands shall be
confirmed to such person or persons (being of the same Nation) as are now
in possession thereof. And to the end the Surveyor of Henrico county may be
the better Enabled to Sett out and Assign to each particular person his share
of the said land, it is Order'd that Mr. Robert Bolling, who Surveyed the first
5,000 Acres, do grant Certificates of the Bounds and quantities of the
several lotts unto the Persons for whom he setts out the same, and to such as
claim under them, without demanding any fee or reward, he having been
already paid for the same out of his Majestie's Revenues. And if it shall
happen that any person shall be contented with less than 133 Acres, so that
there shall remain any quantity of land not taken up after the several
Allottments above mention'd, it is hereby declar'd that such Overplus land
shall be granted to any other French Refugees as shall hereafter come to
settle at the Mannakin Town, for the Encouragement of the said settlement.
And the Surveyor of the said County of Henrico is hereby ordered and
required to lay out the lands aforesaid, having due regard to Rules and
directions herein before sett down, and in any case any dispute or
controversie shall arise among the said Refugees in the distribution of their
several shares of Land, The Hon' ble the Lieut. Governour, with the advice of
the Councill, doth hereby Authorize and Impower Cob. Wm. Randolph and
Mr. Richard Cocke, of Henrico county, to hear and determine the said
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disputes, And in case they find any difficulties, that they Report the same
specially to the Lieut. Governour for his final determination therein.
[Copia.] WM. ROBERTSON, Cl' k Co'n.

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